Guitar vs. Piano: Which Instrument is Easier to Learn?

Choosing an instrument to learn can be an exciting yet challenging decision! Two of the most popular choices people come across are the guitar and the piano. Both instruments have their unique qualities and offer different experiences for aspiring musicians. However, is guitar harder than piano, or is it the other way around?

In this guide, together, we will cover the benefits and considerations of learning the guitar vs. the piano. By the end, you’ll have a better understanding of which instrument may be more accessible for you to learn and which one aligns with your musical goals.

The Process of Learning the Guitar

Learning the guitar involves understanding chords, strumming patterns, and finger placements. Beginners often start by learning basic open chords such as C, D, G, and A minor. 

These chords can be used to play a multitude of songs across various genres. As you progress, you’ll expand your chord vocabulary, incorporate melodies, and learn different techniques that are relevant to the styles of music you like to listen to. For example, alternate picking for rock and metal guitar playing.


The Process of Learning the Piano

Learning the piano typically begins with acquiring basic music theory knowledge, such as reading sheet music and understanding note values. 

Beginners usually start with simple melodies and gradually incorporate both hands to play increasingly more complicated pieces. Piano students develop skills in hand coordination, finger independence, and a deep understanding of musical concepts like scales and arpeggios.

Song Selection for Guitar and Piano

Regarding song selection, both instruments offer a wide range of possibilities for you to start learning! 

Many popular songs, especially in pop and rock, can be quickly learned on the guitar using basic chord progressions and melodies. This allows beginners to play songs they enjoy and develop their musical repertoire quickly. Whether you choose an acoustic or electric guitar is up to you!

Similarly, the piano offers versatility in playing both classical and contemporary music. While classical pieces may require more advanced skills, beginners can still learn simplified arrangements of popular tunes. The piano’s ability to play many notes simultaneously and cover a wide range of octaves makes it suitable for various musical genres.

Benefits of Learning Each Instrument

Both the guitar and the piano offer unique benefits to musicians. Learning the guitar provides a portable instrument that can be easily carried to social gatherings or performances. It also offers opportunities for songwriting and accompanying vocals, making it an excellent choice for singer-songwriters. 

This is also possible with the piano too, however.

Speaking of the piano, this instrument offers a solid foundation in music theory right from the start. Piano students naturally learn about scales, chords, and harmonies, which can be applied to other instruments in the future. The piano’s wide range and expressive capabilities make it a versatile instrument for solo performances and ensemble playing, but you can certainly do this with acoustic and classical guitar playing too.

That doesn’t mean that theory isn’t helpful for guitarists – in fact, it’s highly recommended, and I have some excellent resources here, but you can go a very long way on the guitar without it or by having the very basics of music theory down.

However, if you’re interested in learning classical guitar, you will most likely build a solid musical foundation and develop very specific techniques that are best learned under the guidance of a great classical guitar instructor.

Difficulty Comparison: Guitar vs. Piano

Determining which instrument is easier to learn, the guitar or the piano is subjective and depends on various factors. Here’s a quick list for you to compare them:

Challenges for Guitar Players:

  • Learning to fret and strum simultaneously: Developing the synchronicity between the fingers of the left hand to fret the notes while strumming or picking with the right hand can be challenging, especially for beginners.
  • Developing finger strength and dexterity: Building finger strength and agility to play chords, scales, and complex patterns can take time and practice.
  • Navigating the different playing positions: While the guitar utilizes many repeating patterns that can be used across the fretboard, understanding how to play across the various positions on the neck and transitioning fluidly between them can be a challenge.

Challenges for Piano Players:

  • Coordinating both hands: Playing different melodies or chords simultaneously with both hands can be challenging and requires good hand-eye coordination.
  • Reading sheet music: Piano players need to learn to read sheet music in both treble and bass clefs, which can be complex, especially when playing more advanced pieces.
  • Playing complex rhythms: Piano pieces often involve intricate rhythmic patterns requiring precise timing and hand coordination. Developing hand and finger independence can be tricky, but it takes practice like anything else!
  • Understanding music theory: Piano players typically need a solid understanding of music theory and sight-reading to interpret and play complex chord progressions, key signatures, and musical structures.

In the early stages, the guitar may seem more accessible due to its simplicity in learning basic chords and strumming patterns. This allows beginners to play songs relatively quickly and experience a sense of accomplishment. However, the piano is still very-beginner friendly and the most popular one that people start with.

Nonetheless, playing the piano or guitar requires precise finger movements and proper hand positioning, and as the difficulty level increases, each instrument will bring unique challenges.

Ultimately, the difficulty of learning an instrument depends on the individual’s dedication, practice habits, and musical background. While some may find one instrument easier than the other, both are suitable for all ages and require consistent effort and commitment to achieve proficiency.

Considerations for Choosing an Instrument

When deciding between the guitar and the piano, several factors should be considered:

Personal Musical Preferences

Consider the music genres you enjoy the most. The guitar may be a better fit if you are drawn to singer-songwriter styles or genres like rock, metal, or blues. If you lean towards classical or jazz music, the piano offers a broader range of possibilities.

Physical Considerations

Physical factors such as hand size and finger dexterity may influence your decision, especially for younger people. The guitar requires finger strength to press down strings and navigate the fretboard, and there can be temporary finger pain, whereas the piano can be easier on your fingers.

As mentioned before, both demand precise finger movements and coordination, which comes with practice!

Available Resources and Accessibility

Consider the availability of instruments and learning resources in your area. If access to a piano or keyboard is limited, or you don’t have space in your home, the guitar may be a more practical choice. 

Additionally, consider whether you prefer private lessons, online tutorials, or self-teaching methods like online courses and YouTube, as resources and learning materials can vary for each instrument.

Long-Term Goals

Think about your long-term musical goals. If you aspire to perform in bands or accompany other musicians, the guitar may be a better choice, but piano or keyboard is also incredibly common in bands too. 

If you want to pursue classical music or explore music theory extensively, the piano provides a solid foundation. Still, if you are interested in these aspects and are drawn toward the guitar, you can always look into classical guitar too.


Choosing between the guitar and the piano ultimately depends on personal preference, musical goals, and individual circumstances. Both instruments offer unique experiences and challenges. 

Regardless of your chosen instrument, consistent practice, dedication, and a love for music are key to mastering the guitar or the piano. 

So, go ahead and embark on your musical journey – whether strumming chords on a guitar or creating beautiful melodies on a piano, the joy of learning an instrument awaits you.

Please note that the information provided in this article is based on general observations and personal experiences. Individual experiences may vary, and consulting with a music teacher or instructor for personalized guidance and recommendations is advisable.